WHAT IS THEIR PHILOSOPHY OF LIfE
"TAKE GOOD CARE OF YOUR ROOTS TO OUTRUN THE TIME"
Yonki inhabit the Eastern Highland of Papua New Guinea. Yauna river is their home where they fish as well as hunt for wild game in the nearby jungle. However, in 2011 the national government started a construction founded by private investors aimed at building one of the largest dams in the country. Majority of the Yonki people have to abandon their territory and to be reallocated to Lae town. The large scale construction requires roads and lot of workers. With this Yonki start to learn many new things from the modern world including feelings of greed, wrath and envy that were unknown to them till that moment.. The Uros are knowns as Qhas Qut suñi, which means “people of the lake”. They live on several floating islands in Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia. In case of danger Uros change their islands while moving with boats made out of reed plants.
WHERE UROS PEOPLE LIVE
The origin of Uros people dates back around 5-6 centuries ago. They live on an altitude of 3800m high in the Andes and consider themselves as the keepers of the Titicaca lake. The Uros started living on artificially built islands in the middle of the water out of necessity. It was time when the Inca empire was at its mighty and all small tribes were chased to be enslaved or sacrificed as offerings to the Sun God Inti.
To build floating islands Uros use dried reeds called totora. The thickness of the artificially build land reaches approximately 1~1.5m. It stays stable due to the dense roots that the plants develop. Additionally, several ropes with attached anchors connect the island to the bottom of the lake.
Several bacteria and fungi cause the reed to decay and turn rotton. The entire Uros community is contributing to the maintenance. This helps to prolong the lifespan of the islands to about 30 years. After that period Uros need to reallocate to a new island.
Uros are fishermen. They travel to the nearby city Puno (Peru) where their daily catch is exchanged for rice, noodles, salt and fruits. Occasionally men go for ducks hunting. The women are focused on kids’ education as well as make handcrafted items such as clothes and blankets.